NEWS

IPC Codes



The Indian Penal Code (of 1860)

Contents

Sections
Details



Introduction


Preamble


Chapter I

Introduction


1
Title and extent of operation of the Code
2
Punishment of offences committed within India
3
Punishment of offences committed beyond but which by law may be tried within India
4
Extension of Code to extra-territorial offences
5
Certain laws not to be affected by this Act


CHAPTER II
GENERAL EXPLANATIONS


6
Definitions in the Code to be understood subject to exceptions
7
Sense of expression once explained
8
Gender
9
Number
10
"Man", "Woman"
11
"Person"
12
 "Public"
13
Repealed
14
 "Servant of Government"
15
Repealed
16
Repealed
17
 "Government"
18
"India"
19
 "Judge"
20
"Court of Justice"
21
"Public Servant"
22
"Movable property"
23
"Wrongful gain"

"Wrongful loss"

Gaining wrongfully, losing wrongfully
24
"Dishonestly"
25
"Fraudulently"
26
"Reason to believe"
27
"Property in possession of wife, clerk or servant"
28
"Counterfeit"
29
 "Document"
30
 "Valuable security"
31
"A will"
32
Words referring to acts include illegal omissions
33
"Act", "Omission"
34
Acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention
35
When such an act is criminal by reason of its being done with a criminal knowledge or intention
36
Effect caused partly by act and partly by omission
37
Co-operation by doing one of several acts constituting an offence
38
Persons concerned in criminal act may be guilty of different offences
39
 "Voluntarily"
40
 "Offence"
41
"Special law"
42
 "Local law"
43
 "Illegal", "Legally bound to do"
44
 "Injury"
45
"Life"
46
"Death"
47
"Animal"
48
"Vessel"
49
"Year", "Month"
50
"Section"
51
 "Oath"
52
 "Good faith"
52A
 "Harbour"


CHAPTER III
OF PUNISHMENTS


53
Punishment
53A
Construction of reference to transportation
54
Commutation of sentence of death
55
Commutation of sentence of imprisonment for life
55A
Definition of "appropriate Government"
56
Repealed
57
Fractions of terms of punishment
58
Repealed
59
Repealed
60
Sentence may be (in certain cases of imprisonment) wholly or partly rigorous or simple
61
Repealed
62
Repealed
63
Amount of fine
64
Sentence of imprisonment for non-payment of fine
65
Limit to imprisonment for non-payment of fine, when imprisonment and fine awardable
66
Description of imprisonment for non-payment of fine
67
Imprisonment for non-payment of fine, when offence punishable with fine only
68
Imprisonment to terminate on payment of fine
69
Termination of imprisonment on payment of proportional part of fine
70
Fine leviable within six years, or during imprisonment—Death not to discharge property from liability
71
Limit of punishment of offence made up of several offences
72
Punishment of person guilty of one of several offences, the judgment stating that it is doubtful of which
73
Solitary confinement
74
Limit of solitary confinement
75
Enhanced punishment for certain offences under Chapter XII or Chapter XVII after previous conviction


CHAPTER IV

GENERAL EXCEPTIONS


76
Act done by a person bound, or by mistake of fact believing himself bound, by law
77
Act of Judge when acting judicially
78
Act done pursuant to the judgment or order of Court
79
Act done by a person justified, or by mistake of fact believing himself justified, by law
80
Accident in doing a lawful act
81
Act likely to cause harm, but done without criminal intent, and to prevent other harm
82
Act of a child under seven years of age
83
Act of a child above seven and under twelve of immature understanding
84
Act of a person of unsound mind
85
Act of a person incapable of judgment by reason of intoxication caused against his will
86
Offence requiring a particular intent or knowledge committed by one who is intoxicated
87
Act not intended and not known to be likely to cause death or grievous hurt, done by consent
88
Act not intended to cause death, done by consent in good faith for person’s benefit
89
 Act done in good faith for benefit of child or insane person, by or by consent of guardian

Provisos
90
Consent known to be given under fear or misconception

Consent of insane person

Consent of child
91
Exclusion of acts which are offences independently of harm caused
92
Act done in good faith for benefit of a person without consent

Provisos
93
Communication made in good faith
94
Act to which a person is compelled by threats
95
Act causing slight harm


 

Of the Right of Private Defence



96
97
98
99

100
101
102
103
104
105
106


CHAPTER V

OF ABETMENT



107
Abetment of a thing
108
Abettor
108A
Abetment in India of offences outside India
109
Punishment of abetment if the act abetted is committed in consequence, and where no express provision is made for its punishment
110
Punishment of abetment if person abetted does act with different intention from that of abettor
111
Liability of abettor when one act abetted and different act done

Proviso
112
Abettor when liable to cumulative punishment for act abetted and for act done
113
Liability of abettor for an effect caused by the act abetted different from that intended by the abettor
114
Abettor present when offence is committed
115
Abetment of offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life—if offence not committed

If act causing harm be done in consequence
116
Abetment of offence punishable with imprisonment—if offence be not committed

If abettor or person abetted be a public servant whose duty it is to prevent offence
117
Abetting commission of offence by the public or by more than ten persons
118
Concealing design to commit offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life

If offence be committed—if offence be not committed
119
Public servant concealing design to commit offence which it is his duty to prevent

If offence be committed

If offence be punishable with death, etc

If offence be not committed
120
Concealing design to commit offence punishable with imprisonment If offence be committed—if offence be not committed


CHAPTER VA

CRIMINAL CONSPIRACY


120A
Definition of criminal conspiracy
120B
Punishment of criminal conspiracy


CHAPTER VI
OF OFFENCES AGAINST THE STATE


121
Waging, or attempting to wage war, or abetting waging of war, against the Government of India
121A
Conspiracy to commit offences punishable by section 121
122
Collecting arms, etc, with intention of waging war against the Government of India
123
Concealing with intent to facilitate design to wage war
124
Assaulting President, Governor, etc, with intent to compel or restrain the exercise of any lawful power
124A
Sedition
125
Waging war against any Asiatic Power in alliance with the Government of India
126
Committing depredation on territories of Power at peace with the Government of India
127
Receiving property taken by war on depredation mentioned in sections 125 and 126
128
Public servant voluntarily allowing prisoner of State or war to escape
129
Public servant negligently suffering such prisoner to escape
130
Aiding escape of, rescuing or harbouring such prisoner


CHAPTER VII
OF OFFENCES RELATING TO THE ARMY, NAVY AND AIR FORCE


131
Abetting mutiny, or attempting to seduce a soldier, sailor or airman from his duty
132
Abetment of mutiny, if mutiny is committed in consequence thereof
133
Abetment of assault by soldier, sailor or airman on his superior officer, when in execution of his office
134
Abetment of such assault, if the assault is committed
135
Abetment of desertion of soldier, sailor or airman
136
Harbouring deserter
137
Deserter concealed on board merchant vessel through negligence of master
138
Abetment of act of insubordination by soldier, sailor or airman
138A
Repealed
139
Persons subject to certain Acts
140
Wearing garb or carrying token used by soldier, sailor or airman


CHAPTER VIII
OF OFFENCES AGAINST THE PUBLIC TRANQUILLITY


141
Unlawful assembly
142
Being member of unlawful assembly
143
Punishment
144
Joining unlawful assembly armed with deadly weapon
145
Joining or continuing in unlawful assembly, knowing it has been commanded to disperse
146
Rioting
147
Punishment for rioting
148
Rioting, armed with deadly weapon
149
Every member of unlawful assembly guilty of offence committed in prosecution of common object
150
Hiring, or conniving at hiring, of persons to join unlawful assembly
151
Knowingly joining or continuing in assembly of five or more persons after it has been commanded to disperse
152
Assaulting or obstructing public servant when suppressing riot, etc
153
Want only giving provocation with intent to cause riot - if rioting be committed - if not committed
153A
Promoting enmity between different groups on grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, etc and doing acts prejudicial to maintenance of harmony

Offence committed in place of worship, etc
153B
Imputations, assertions prejudicial to national-integration
154
Owner or occupier of land on which an unlawful assembly is held
155
Liability of person for whose benefit riot is committed
156
Liability of agent of owner or occupier for whose benefit riot is committed
157
Harbouring persons hired for an unlawful assembly
158
Being hired to take part in an unlawful assembly or riot Or to go armed
159
Affray
160
Punishment for committing affray


CHAPTER IX
OF OFFENCES BY OR RELATING TO PUBLIC SERVANTS


161 to 165A
Repealed
166
Public servant disobeying law, with intent to cause injury to any person
167
Public servant framing an incorrect document with intent to cause injury
168
Public servant unlawfully engaging in trade
169
Public servant unlawfully buying or bidding for property
170
Personating a public servant
171
Wearing garb or carrying token used by public servant with fraudulent intent


CHAPTER IXA
OF OFFENCES RELATING TO ELECTIONS


171A
"Candidate", "Electoral right" defined
171B
Bribery
171C
Undue influence at elections
171D
Personation at elections
171E
Punishment for bribery
171F
Punishment for undue influence or personation at an election
171G
False statement in connection with an election
171H
Illegal payments in connection with an election
171I
Failure to keep election accounts


CHAPTER X

OF CONTEMPTS OF THE LAWFUL AUTHORITY OF PUBLIC SERVANTS


172
Absconding to avoid service of summons or other proceeding
173
Preventing service of summons or other proceeding, or preventing publication thereof
174
Non-attendance in obedience to an order from public servant
175
Omission to produce document to public servant by person legally bound to produce it
176
Omission to give notice or information to public servant by person legally bound to give it
177
Furnishing false information
178
Refusing oath or affirmation when duly required by public servant to make it
179
Refusing to answer public servant authorised to question
180
Refusing to sign statement
181
False statement on oath or affirmation to public servant or person authorized to administer an oath or affirmation
182
False information, with intent to cause public servant to use his lawful power to the injury of another person
183
Resistance to the taking of property by the lawful authority of a public servant
184
Obstructing sale of property offered for sale by authority of public servant
185
Illegal purchase or bid for property offered for sale by authority of public servant
186
Obstructing public servant in discharge of public functions
187
Omission to assist public servant when bound by law to give assistance
188
Disobedience to order duly promulgated by public servant
189
Threat of injury to public servant
190
Threat of injury to induce person to refrain from applying for protection to public servant


CHAPTER XI

Of False evidence and offences against public justice


191
Giving false evidence
192
Fabricating false evidence
193
Punishment for false evidence
194
Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of capital offence

If innocent person be thereby convicted and executed
195
Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of offence punishable with imprisonment for life or imprisonment
196
Using evidence known to be false
197
Issuing or signing false certificate
198
Using as true a certificate known to be false
199
False statement made in declaration which is by law receivable as evidence
200
Using as true such declaration knowing it to be false
201
Causing disappearance of evidence of offence, or giving false information to screen offender

if a capital offence

if punishable with imprisonment for life

if punishable with less than ten years’ imprisonment
202
Intentional omission to give information of offence by person bound to inform
203
Giving false information respecting an offence committed
204
Destruction of document to prevent its production as evidence
205
False personation for purpose of act or proceeding in suit or prosecution
206
Fraudulent removal or concealment of property to prevent its seizure as forfeited or in execution
207
Fraudulent claim to property to prevent its seizure as forfeited or in execution
208
Fraudulently suffering decree for sum not due
209
Dishonestly making false claim in Court
210
Fraudulently obtaining decree for sum not due
211
False charge of offence made with intent to injure
212
Harbouring offender

if a capital offence

if punishable with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment
213
Taking gift, etc, to screen an offender from punishment

if a capital offence

if punishable with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment
214
Offering gift or restoration of property in consideration of screening offender

if a capital offence

if punishable with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment
215
Taking gift to help to recover stolen property, etc
216
Harbouring offender who has escaped from custody or whose apprehension has been ordered

if a capital offence

if punishable with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment
216A
Penalty for harbouring robbers or dacoits
216B
Repealed
217
Public servant disobeying direction of law with intent to save person from punishment or property from forfeiture
218
Public servant framing incorrect record or writing with intent to save person from punishment or property from forfeiture
219
Public servant in judicial proceeding corruptly making report, etc, contrary to law
220
Commitment for trial or confinement by person having authority who knows that he is acting contrary to law
221
Intentional omission to apprehend on the part of public servant bound to apprehend
222
Intentional omission to apprehend on the part of public servant bound to apprehend person under sentence or lawfully committed
223
Escape from confinement or custody negligently suffered by public servant
224
Resistance or obstruction by a person to his lawful apprehension
225
Resistance or obstruction to lawful apprehension of another person
225A
Omission to apprehend, or sufferance of escape, on part of public servant, in cases not otherwise provided for
225B
Resistance or obstruction to lawful apprehension, or escape or rescue in cases not otherwise provided for
226
Repealed
227
Violation of condition of remission of punishment
228
Intentional insult or interruption to public servant sitting in judicial proceeding
228A
Disclosure of identity of the victim of certain offences etc
229
Personation of a juror or assessor


CHAPTER XII
OF OFFENCES RELATING TO COIN AND GOVERNMENT STAMPS


230
"Coin" defined Indian coin
231
Counterfeiting coin
232
Counterfeiting Indian coin
233
Making or selling instrument for counterfeiting coin
234
Making or selling instrument for counterfeiting Indian coin
235
Possession of instrument or material for the purpose of using the same for counterfeiting coin if Indian coin
236
Abetting in India the counterfeiting out of India of coin
237
Import or export of counterfeit coin
238
Import or export of counterfeits of the Indian coin
239
Delivery of coin, possessed with knowledge that it is counterfeit
240
Delivery of Indian coin, possessed with knowledge that it is counterfeit
241
Delivery of coin as genuine, which, when first possessed, the deliverer did not know to be counterfeit
242
Possession of counterfeit coin by person who knew it to be counterfeit when he became possessed thereof
243
Possession of Indian coin by person who knew it to be counterfeit when he became possessed thereof
244
Person employed in mint causing coin to be of different weight or composition from that fixed by law
245
Unlawfully taking coining instrument from mint
246
Fraudulently or dishonestly diminishing weight or altering composition of coin
247
Fraudulently or dishonestly diminishing weight or altering composition of Indian coin
248
Altering appearance of coin with intent that it shall pass as coin of different description
249
Altering appearance of Indian coin with intent that it shall pass as coin of different description
250
Delivery of coin, possessed with knowledge that it is altered
251
Delivery of Indian coin, possessed with knowledge that it is altered
252
Possession of coin by person who knew it to be altered when he became possessed thereof
253
Possession of Indian coin by person who knew it to be altered when he became possessed thereof
254
Delivery of coin as genuine, which, when first possessed, the deliverer did not know to be altered
255
Counterfeiting Government stamp
256
Having possession of instrument or material for counterfeiting Government stamp
257
Making or selling instrument for counterfeiting Government stamp
258
Sale of counterfeit Government stamp
259
Having possession of counterfeit Government stamp
260
Using as genuine a Government stamp known to be a counterfeit
261
Effacing writing from substance bearing Government stamp, or removing from document a stamp used for it, with intent to cause loss to Government
262
Using Government stamp known to have been before used
263
Erasure of mark denoting that stamp has been used
263A
Prohibition of fictitious stamps


CHAPTER XIII
OF OFFENCES RELATING TO WEIGHTS AND MEASURES


264
Fraudulent use of false instrument for weighing
265
Fraudulent use of false weight or measure
266
Being in possession of false weight or measure
267
Making or selling false weight or measure


CHAPTER XIV

OF OFFENCES AFFECTING THE PUBLIC HEALTH, SAFETY, CONVENIENCE, DECENCY AND MORALS


268
Public nuisance
269
Negligent act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life
270
Malignant act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life
271
Disobedience to quarantine rule
272
Adulteration of food or drink intended for sale
273
Sale of noxious food or drink
274
Adulteration of drugs
275
Sale of adulterated drugs
276
Sale of drug as a different drug or preparation
277
Fouling water of public spring or reservoir
278
Making atmosphere noxious to health
279
Rash driving or riding on a public way
280
Rash navigation of vessel
281
Exhibition of false light, mark or buoy
282
Conveying person by water for hire in unsafe or overloaded vessel
283
Danger or obstruction in public way or line of navigation
284
Negligent conduct with respect to poisonous substance
285
Negligent conduct with respect to fire or combustible matter
286
Negligent conduct with respect to explosive substance
287
Negligent conduct with respect to machinery
288
Negligent conduct with respect to pulling down or repairing buildings
289
Negligent conduct with respect to animal
290
Punishment for public nuisance in cases not otherwise provided for
291
Continuance of nuisance after injunction to discontinue
292
Sale, etc, of obscene books, etc
292A
Printing, etc, of grossly indecent or securrilous matter or matter intended for blackmail
293
Sale, etc of obscene objects to young person
294
Obscene acts and songs
294A
Keeping lottery-office


CHAPTER XV
OF OFFENCES RELATING TO RELIGION


295
Injuring or defiling place of worship with intent to insult the religion of any class
295A
Deliberate and malicious acts, intended to outrage religious feelings of any class by insulting its religion or religious beliefs
296
Disturbing religious assembly
297
Trespassing on burial places, etc
298
Uttering, words, etc, with deliberate intent to wound the religious feelings of any person


CHAPTER XVI

OF OFFENCES AFFECTING THE HUMAN BODY




Of Offences affecting Life



299
Culpable homicide
300
Murder When culpable homicide is not murder
301
Culpable homicide by causing death of person other than person whose death was intended
302
Punishment for murder
303
Punishment for murder by life-convict
304
Punishment for culpable homicide not amounting to murder
304A
Causing death by negligence
304B
Dowry death
305
Abetment of suicide of child or insane person
306
Abetment of suicide
307
Attempt to murder Attempts by life convicts
308
Attempt to commit culpable homicide
309
Attempt to commit suicide
310
Thug
311
Punishment



Of the Causing of Miscarriage, of Injuries to Unborn Children, of the Exposure of Infants, and of the Concealment of Births


312
Causing miscarriage
313
Causing miscarriage without woman’s consent
314
Death caused by act done with intent to cause miscarriage

If act done without woman’s consent
315
Act done with intent to prevent child being born alive or to cause it to die after birth
316
Causing death of quick unborn child by act amounting to culpable homicide
317
Exposure and abandonment of child under twelve years, by parent or person having care of it
318
Concealment of birth by secret disposal of dead body



Of Hurt



319
Hurt
320
Grievous hurt
321
Voluntarily causing hurt
322
Voluntarily causing grievous hurt
323
Punishment for voluntarily causing hurt
324
Voluntarily causing hurt by dangerous weapons or means
325
Punishment for voluntarily causing grievous hurt
326
Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by dangerous weapons or means
327
Voluntarily causing hurt to extort property, or to constrain to an illegal act
328
Causing hurt by means of poison, etc with intent to commit an offence
329
Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to extort property, or to constrain to an illegal act
330
Voluntarily causing hurt to extort confession, or to compel restoration of property
331
Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to extort confession, or to compel restoration of property
332
Voluntarily causing hurt to deter public servant from his duty
333
Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to deter public servant from his duty
334
Voluntarily causing hurt on provocation
335
Voluntarily causing grievous hurt on provocation
336
Act endangering life or personal safety of others
337
Causing hurt by act endangering life or personal safety of others
338
Causing grievous hurt by act endangering life or personal safety of others



Of Wrongful Restraint and Wrongful Confinement



339
Wrongful restraint
340
Wrongful confinement
341
Punishment for wrongful restraint
342
Punishment for wrongful confinement
343
Wrongful confinement for three or more days
344
Wrongful confinement for ten or more days
345
Wrongful confinement of person for whose liberation writ has been issued
346
Wrongful confinement in secret
347
Wrongful confinement to extort property, or constrain to illegal act
348
Wrongful confinement to extort confession, or compel restoration of property



Of Criminal Force and Assault



349
Force
350
Criminal force
351
Assault
352
Punishment for assault or criminal force otherwise than on grave provocation
353
Assault or criminal force to deter public servant from discharge of his duty
354
Assault or criminal force to woman with intent to outrage her modesty
355
Assault or criminal force with intent to dishonour person, otherwise than on grave provocation
356
Assault or criminal force in attempt to commit theft of property carried by a person
357
Assault or criminal force in attempt wrongfully to confine a person
358
Assault or criminal force on grave provocation



Of Kidnapping, Abduction, Slavery and Forced Labour



359
Kidnapping
360
Kidnapping from India
361
Kidnapping from lawful guardianship
362
Abduction
363
Punishment for kidnapping
363A
Kidnapping or maiming a minor for purposes of begging
364
Kidnapping or abducting in order to murder
364A
Kidnapping for ransom, etc
365
Kidnapping or abducting with intent secretly and wrongfully to confine person
366
Kidnapping, abducting or inducing woman to compel her marriage, etc
366A
Procuration of minor girl
366B
Importation of girl from foreign country
367
Kidnapping or abducting in order to subject person to grievous hurt, slavery, etc
368
Wrongfully concealing or keeping in confinement, kidnapped or abducted person
369
Kidnapping or abducting child under ten years with intent to steal from its person
370
Buying or disposing of any person as a slave
371
Habitual dealing in slaves
372
Selling minor for purposes of prostitution, etc
373
Buying minor for purposes of prostitution, etc
374
Unlawful compulsory labour



Sexual Offences



375
Rape
376
Punishment for rape
376A
Intercourse by a man with his wife during separation
376B
Intercourse by public servant with woman in his custody
376C
Intercourse by superintendent of jail, remand home, etc
376D
Intercourse by any member of the management or staff of a hospital with any woman in that hospital



Of Unnatural Offences



377
Unnatural offences


CHAPTER XVII
OF OFFENCES AGAINST PROPERTY



Of Theft



378
Theft
379
Punishment for theft
380
Theft in dwelling house, etc
381
Theft by clerk or servant of property in possession of master
382
Theft after preparation made for causing death, hurt or restraint in order to the committing of the theft



Of Extortion



383
Extortion
384
Punishment for extortion
385
Putting person in fear of injury in order to commit extortion
386
Extortion by putting a person in fear of death or grievous hurt to
387
Putting person in fear of death or of grievous hurt, in order to commit extortion
388
Extortion by threat of accusation of an offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life, etc
389
Putting person in fear of accusation of offence, in order to commit extortion



Of Robbery and Dacoity



390
Robbery

When theft is robbery

When extortion is robbery
391
Dacoity
392
Punishment for robbery
393
Attempt to commit robbery
394
Voluntarily causing hurt in committing robbery
395
Punishment for dacoity
396
Dacoity with murder
397
Robbery, or dacoity, with attempt to cause death or grievous hurt
398
Attempt to commit robbery or dacoity when armed with deadly weapon
399
Making preparation to commit dacoity
400
Punishment for belonging to gang of dacoits
401
Punishment for belonging to gang of thieves
402
Assembling for purpose of committing dacoity



Of Criminal Misappropriation of Property


403
Dishonest misappropriation of property
404
Dishonest misappropriation of property possessed by deceased person at the time of his death



Of Criminal Breach of Trust



405
Criminal breach of trust
406
Punishment for criminal breach of trust
407
Criminal breach of trust by carrier, etc
408
Criminal breach of trust by clerk or servant
409
Criminal breach of trust by public servant, or by banker, merchant or agent



Of the Receiving of Stolen Property



410
Stolen Property
411
Dishonestly receiving stolen property
412
Dishonestly receiving property stolen in the commission of a dacoity
413
Habitually dealing in stolen property
414
Assisting in concealment of stolen property



Of Cheating



415
Cheating
416
Cheating by personation
417
Punishment for cheating
418
Cheating with knowledge that wrongful loss may ensue to person whose interest offender is bound to protect
419
Punishment for cheating by personation
420
Cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property



Of Fraudulent Deeds and Disposition of Property



421
Dishonest or fraudulent removal or concealment of property to prevent distribution among creditors
422
Dishonestly or fraudulently preventing debt being available for creditors
423
Dishonest or fraudulent execution of deed of transfer containing false statement of consideration
424
Dishonest or fraudulent removal or concealment of property



Of Mischief



425
Mischief
426
Punishment for mischief
427
Mischief causing damage to the amount of fifty rupees
428
Mischief by killing or maiming animal of the value of ten rupees
429
Mischief by killing or maiming cattle, etc, of any value or any animal of the value of fifty rupees
430
Mischief by injury to works of irrigation or by wrongfully diverting water
431
Mischief by injury to public road, bridge, river or channel
432
Mischief by causing inundation or obstruction to public drainage attended with damage
433
Mischief by destroying, moving or rendering less useful a light-house or sea-mark
434
Mischief by destroying or moving, etc, a land-mark fixed by public authority
435
Mischief by fire or explosive substance with intent to cause damage to amount of one hundred or (in case of agricultural produce) ten rupees
436
Mischief by fire or explosive substance with intent to destroy house, etc
437
Mischief with intent to destroy or make unsafe a decked vessel or one of twenty tons burden
438
Punishment for the mischief described in section 437 committed by fire or explosive substance
439
Punishment for intentionally running vessel agground or ashore with intent to commit theft, etc
440
Mischief committed after preparation made for causing death or hurt



Of Criminal Trespass



441
Criminal trespass
442
House trespass
443
Lurking house-trespass
444
Lurking house-trespass by night
445
House breaking
446
House-breaking by night
447
Punishment for criminal trespass
448
Punishment for house-trespass
449
House-trespass in order to commit offence punishable with death
450
House-trespass in order to commit offence punishable with imprisonment for life
451
House-trespass in order to commit offence punishable with imprisonment
452
House-trespass after preparation for hurt, assault or wrongful restraint
453
Punishment for lurking house-trespass or house-breaking
454
Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking in order to commit offence punishable with imprisonment
455
Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking after preparation for hurt, assault or wrongful restraint
456
Punishment for lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night
457
Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night in order to commit offence punishable with imprisonment
458
Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night after preparation for hurt, assault, or wrongful restraint
459
Grievous hurt caused whilst committing lurking house-trespass or house-breaking
460
All persons jointly concerned in lurking house-trespass or house- breaking by night punishable where death or grievous hurt caused by one of them
461
Dishonestly breaking open receptacle containing property
462
Punishment for same offence when committed by person entrusted with custody


CHAPTER XVIII

OF OFFENCES RELATING TO DOCUMENTS AND TO PROPERTY MARKS


463
Forgery
464
Making a false document
465
Punishment for forgery
466
Forgery of record of court or of public register, etc
468
Forgery for purpose of cheating
469
Forgery for purpose of harming reputation
470
Forged document
471
Using as genuine a forged document
472
Making or possessing counterfeit seal, etc, with intent to commit forgery punishable under section 467
473
Making or possessing counterfeit seal, etc, with intent to commit forgery punishable otherwise
474
Having possession of document described in section 466 or 467, knowing it to be forged and intending to use it as genuine
475
Counterfeiting device or mark used for authenticating documents described in section 467, or possessing counterfeit marked material
476
Counterfeiting device or mark used for authenticating documents other than those described in section 467, or possessing counterfeit marked material
477
Fraudulent cancellation, destruction, etc of will, authority to adopt, or valuable security
477A
Falsification of accounts



Of Property and Other Marks



478
Repealed
479
Property mark
480
Repealed
481
Using a false property mark
482
Punishment for using a false property mark
483
Counterfeiting a property mark used by another
484
Counterfeiting a mark used by a public servant
485
Marking or possession of any instrument for counterfeiting a property mark
486
Selling goods marked with a counterfeit property mark
487
Making a false mark upon any receptacle containing goods
488
Punishment for making use of any such false mark
489
Tampering with property mark with intent to cause injury



Of Currency-Notes and Bank-Notes


489A
Counterfeiting currency-notes or bank-notes
489B
Using as genuine, forged or counterfeit currency-notes or bank-notes
489C
Possession of forged or counterfeit currency-notes or bank-notes
489D
Making or possessing instruments or materials for forging or counterfeiting currency-notes or bank-notes
489E
Making or using documents resembling currency-notes or bank-notes

 


CHAPTER XIX

OF THE CRIMINAL BREACH OF CONTRACTS OF SERVICE


490
Repealed
491
Breach of contract to attend on and supply wants of helpless person
492
Repealed


CHAPTER XX

OF OFFENCES RELATING TO MARRIAGE


493
Cohabitation caused by a man deceitfully inducing a belief of lawful marriage 176
494
Marrying again during lifetime of husband or wife
495
Same offence with concealment of former marriage from person with whom subsequent marriage is contracted
496
Marriage ceremony fraudulently gone through without lawful marriage
497
Adultery
498
Enticing or taking away or detaining with criminal intent a married woman


CHAPTER XXA

OF CRUELTY BY HUSBAND OR RELATIVES OF HUSBAND


498A
Husband or relative of husband of a woman subjecting her to cruelty


CHAPTER XXI

OF DEFAMATION


499
Defamation Imputation of truth which public good requires to be made or published

Public conduct of public servants

Conduct of any person touching any public question

Publication of reports of proceedings of Courts

Merits of case decided in Court or conduct of witnesses and others concerned

Merits of public performance

Censure passed in good faith by person having lawful authority over another
G
Accusation preferred in good faith to authorised person
H
Imputation made in good faith by person for protection of his or other’s interests
i
Caution intended for good of person to whom conveyed or for public good
500
Punishment for defamation
501
Printing or engraving matter known to be defamatory
502
Sale of printed or engraved substance containing defamatory matter


CHAPTER XXII

OF CRIMINAL INTIMIDATION, INSULT AND ANNOYANCE


503
Criminal intimidation
504
Intentional insult with intent to provoke breach of the peace
505
Statements conducing to public mischief

Statements creating or promoting enmity, hatred or ill-will between classes

Offence under sub-section (2) committed in place of worship, etc
506
Punishment for criminal intimidation

If threat be to cause death or grievous hurt, etc
507
Criminal intimidation by an anonymous communication
508
Act caused by inducing person to believe that he will be rendered an object of the Divine displeasure
509
Word, gesture or act intended to insult the modesty of a woman
510
Misconduct in public by a drunken person


CHAPTER XXIII
OF ATTEMPTS TO COMMIT OFFENCES


511
Punishment for attempting to commit offences punishable with imprisonment for life or other imprisonment



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