NEWS

Extortion ( IPC.Section:383 to 389 )


IPC Sec: 383 (Extortion)

     Whoever intentionally puts any person in fear of any injury to that person, or to any other, and thereby dishonestly induces the person so put in fear to deliver to any person any property, or valuable security or anything signed or sealed which may be converted into a valuable security, commits" extortion". 


Illustrations:-
 
  1. A threatens to publish a defamatory libel concerning B unless B gives him money. He thus induces B to give him money. A has committed extortion.
  2. A threatens B that he will keep B' s child in worngful confinement, unless B will sign and deliver to A a promissory note binding B to pay certain monies to A to B sings and delivers the note. A has
committed extortion.
  
  3. A threatens to send club- men to plough up B' s field unless B will sign and
deliver to X a bond binding B under a penalty to deliver certain produce to X, and thereby induces B to sign and deliver the bond. A has committed extortion. 
  4. A, by putting B in fear of grievous hurt, dishonestly induces B to sign or affix his seal to a blank paper and deliver it to A. B sings and delivers the paper to A. Here, as the paper so signed may be converted into a valuable security A has committed extortion.
 
Principles:-
1. Injury here includes only such harm as may be caused illegally to a person's mind or body or reputation or property.

Case:-
     In re n.o Narasimha rao's case AIR 1919 MAD 954.


IPC Sec: 384 (Punishment for extortion)

Whoever commits extortion shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.

IPC Sec: 385 (Putting person in fear of injury in order to commit extortion)

IPC Sec: 386 (Extortion by putting a person in fear of death or grievous hurt to)

IPC Sec: 387 (Putting person in fear of death or of grievous hurt, in order to commit extortion)

IPC Sec: 388 (Extortion by threat of accusation of an offence punishable with death or imprsonment for life, etc)

IPC Sec: 389 (Putting person in fear of accusation of offence in order to commit extortion)  

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